With a plethora of group buying websites flooding the Indian markets, E-commerce is certainly on the rise. According to the Internet and Mobile Association of India the market grew 70% from Rs. 19,688 crores in 2009 to Rs. 31,598 crores in 2010 and is expected to grow another 47% to Rs. 46,520 crores by the end of 2011. Over 25 group buying websites are already present (most of them emerging during the past one year) making the market quite cluttered, differentiation is missing between these sites and margins are razor thin.
Snapdeal, Deals and You, Buy the price, sosasta, khojguru, taggle, koovs, among others, are the new drivers of E-commerce in India. Most of these sites are relatively young, but investors are not shy of investing in them. January saw the world’s biggest group buying site, Groupon enter Indian market with the acquisition of Kolkata based sosasta.com. Infoedge (of naukri.com fame) invested Rs. 9 crores in mydala.com and German Group Buying Global AG acquired Mumbai based WanaMo.com and rechristened it as dealsandyou.com. What is also interesting to note is the entry of several major online giants in this space. Prominent e-Commerce player eBay.in entered this space. The last month witnessed two major online shopping sites: rediff.com and Times Internet launch their deal sites, Deal Ho Jaye and Timesdeal.com respectively.
Group buying websites come up with deals offered by different merchants in the city. These deals are active for a couple of days and discounts range from 20% to an incredible 95%. The user is either asked to pay the entire amount of the deal or an advance. However, there have to be a minimum number of people who opt for the deal before it become active. If the number of people who opt for a particular deal is less than the minimum required the deal is scrapped and the users get their money back. The deals are for restaurants, gyms, spas, health clubs, travel and various other services. The websites get a cut in every successful deal. These websites use Facebook and other portals, twitter or bulk emails to reach out to the potential buyers. They also thrive on word-of-mouth promotions.
But wait. Is the picture as good as it appears on the surface? Let us analyze different challenges for this business.
A highly cluttered market: With over 25 websites already present and many more in the pipeline, the competition in this market is cut-throat. The fact that these websites can easily be set-up, as the barriers to entry are very low, will only increase the competition further. Readymade softwares are already flooding the market and web development firms take no time to get you a Groupon type website up and running.
The key here is differentiation. Most of the websites present in this space are exact functional clones of each other (with some using the exact same templates as well). It is refreshing to see sites like Buytheprice.com who have tried to differentiate with a new incremental discount model, where they have deal slabs and discounts vary based on the final number of people who opt for the deal.
Deals: Are these deals too good to be true? I tried picking up a couple of deals at random from these websites. I picked up a deal for Hotel Ramada Gurgaon Central from snapdeal.com. Snapdeal claimed that the price of a night’s stay in this hotel was worth Rs. 12100 but they are offering a discount of 59% which means there price is Rs. 4999. I did a very basic online research and these are the lowest prices across various websites:
Hotel Website SnapDeal Yatra TravelGuru Cleartrip
Rs. 5849 Rs. 4999 Rs. 6928 Rs. 5099 Rs. 4887
Another deal at dealsandyou.com offers Seagate 500 GB and 1 TB Hard disks at Rs. 2999 and Rs. 5499, respectively. Out of curiosity I called up a local dealer in Indore and enquired about the prices. He got back to me with the hard disks priced at Rs. 2700 for the 500GB hard disk and Rs. 5250 for the 1TB Hard disk. These were prices for single purchase and not for bulk purchases.
Please note, these were just random samples picked up from all the available deals and are not indicative of all the deals available on these sites. The point that I am trying to make here is that there still is room for improvement and the deals that are being offered might not to the absolute best. We will surely have better deals as these websites mature.
Impact on local dealers: So does going to these deal sites really help the local businesses? Initially most of these local businesses see the exposure they get through the website. It’s a very good marketing platform for these sites. Or is it? Let us consider another example here. Dealsandyou.com lists an offer for certain salon services at Vibes in Bangalore. On contacting some of the good local beauty salons I found out the normal cost for these services would be anywhere between Rs. 2000 and Rs. 3000. Dealsandyou.com is offering the same at Rs. 750, which turns out to be a very good deal, assuming Vibes provides quality service. But the problem here for Vibes is as follows:
- They are being pressed for margins and are providing these deals at prices which might not be profitable for them. Going forward as these deal sites mature they will press these local vendors further reducing their margins to a bare minimum.
- Is this offer serving as a good advertising opportunity for them? I won’t think so. Someone opting for this offer at this salon might be very impressed with the services. But they will be under the impression that this service would cost them Rs. 7500 if the offer isn’t present, which, I would believe, might act as a deterrent for repeat visit.
Technical Challenges: Most of the websites operating in the virtual space agrees that doing business in India comes with its own challenges. Indian regulations don’t allow the storage of credit card information on the payment gateways unlike the US. 30% of transactions fail at the payment gateways. Companies are working on developing their own prepaid cards to ease the process of making purchases.
Traffic: With the exception of snapdeal, all the sites have struggled to generate substantial traffic for their websites. According to Vizisense.com, the total number of clicks for snapdeal was close to 34.4 million with an India rank at 16 (most visited websites in the last month). The second most visited group buying, dealsandyou.com website didn’t even feature in the top 100 and had less than 10 million overall page views, followed by sosasta.com which was ranked at 282 and barely has 3 million hits.
The good thing is, the e-commerce industry is growing rapidly and is also reflecting in the growth in traffic to these websites as well.
Survival: The abnormal increase in the number of group buying websites is posing serious challenges for every player in the industry. The number of group buying websites is already very high and I don’t think all of these sites would survive in the long run. The space would soon see some consolidation with 3-5 players controlling the chunk of the market.
The future of this industry will be quite interesting to follow. The major players will have to innovate to scale-up. Differentiation will be a key driver in this industry. Mobile phones will emerge as an important tool for differentiation as it would help the websites reach out to a wider audience. Companies would also be exploring alternate revenue sources. Another alternative for these companies on the long run would be the huge database of customers they will be handling as well as their relations with the local service establishments they will be serving.
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